8 Ways to Prevent Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) causes newborns to die in their sleep, often without prior warning.According to the National Sleep Foundation , sudden infant death syndrome is the leading cause of death for infants aged 1 month to 1 year, and in most cases, babies are declared healthy before their death.

Prevent Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
Prevent Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

The risk of SIDS increases at 2-3 months of age and is more common in boys than girls .However, you still need to monitor the possibility that your baby is at risk of sudden infant death until he reaches 1 year of age.

Preventing Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Here are some things you can do to prevent sudden infant death.

1. Sleeping Position

In the baby's first year, position the baby to sleep on his back during naps and sleeps at night , to prevent sudden infant death.The supine position makes it easier for the baby to breathe, compared to sleeping on his stomach or side.

Although sleeping on his stomach can increase the chance of sudden infant death syndrome, if your little one can roll over on their own, then you can reduce worry.

"Once a baby is able to roll over on their own, their brain is mature enough to realize that their airway is in danger," says Rachel Moon, MD, pediatrician at Children's National Medical Center in Washington, DC, and member of the American Academy of Pediatrics' SIDS Task Force. Parents page.

2. Empty the Bed

Wait until the baby is 1 year old if you want to put blankets and pillows in the crib .Because blankets, pillows, and dolls that are placed around the baby while sleeping, can inhibit the baby's breathing and prevent sudden infant death syndrome.

If you are worried that your baby is cold because you are not given a blanket, then you can swaddle the baby or use a sleeping bag (sleep sack).Make sure you swaddle the baby in the right way and not too tight.

3. Right Temperature

The US National Library of Medicine reminds us to ensure that the room temperature remains comfortable so that the baby's body does not heat up.

"If the baby is sweating or if the baby's chest feels hot to the touch, then their clothes are too thick," says pediatrician Raj Rambhatla, MD, as quoted by the Cleveland Clinic .

Quoted from Parents, babies who are hot and then fall asleep will be more difficult to wake up when in danger. For that, wear clothes that are comfortable for the baby according to the weather at that time.

4. Give Pacifiers

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends giving babies a pacifier at night and during the day for the first year of a baby's life.There is no clear information why giving a pacifier reduces the risk of sudden infant death syndrome.

"We don't know why yet, but maybe sucking on a pacifier will move the baby's tongue forward, which will open up the baby's airway more," said Dr. Moon.

Also note, if the baby is exclusively breastfeeding , then hold on to giving it a pacifier until at least the baby is 1 month old and can breastfeed well.

5. Exclusive Breastfeeding

Babies who are exclusively breastfed are more likely to wake up from sleep than those who are fed formula milk.This may be the reason why exclusively breastfed babies are less at risk of sudden infant death syndrome.

Breastfeeding moms also tend not to smoke so that the baby's exposure to smoke is reduced and the risk of sudden infant death is also reduced.Based on information obtained from the Journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics , it is said that breastfeeding can reduce the risk of SIDS by up to 50%.

6. Be careful when sleeping with the baby

Did you know that sleeping with your baby is an activity that has a high risk of causing sudden infant death syndrome?This is because when you sleep together in bed, your baby can be suffocated by loose pillows or blankets.

Its air supply may also be cut off if you or your partner accidentally roll over on it. In addition, your little one can suffocate if his head is caught between the head of the bed and the mattress.Therefore, sleeping with the baby is actually not recommended. However, there are still many mothers out there who do this because the baby will be more comfortable. In fact, it's not necessarily safe.

Not only in bed, sleeping with a baby on a sofa or armchair is just as dangerous. So, Moms need to be careful.

It's best if you put your baby in a bassinet or bed immediately after feeding. If you feel tired, don't breastfeed your baby while sitting on a chair or sofa until you fall asleep.

Also avoid sleeping with your baby if you are using drugs that affect sleep because this is very dangerous.

7. Don't smoke around babies

Please note, if you smoke then you should stop smoking before deciding to get pregnant.This is because babies born to mothers who smoked during pregnancy die from SIDS 3 times more often than babies born to nonsmokers.

Smoking while you're pregnant is a major risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome, and secondhand smoke around your baby also increases the chance of SIDS.

According to the CDC, many babies who die from SIDS have higher levels of nicotine in their lungs as well as cotinine, a biological marker that indicates exposure to secondhand smoke.So, don't let anyone smoke around your little one, Moms.

8. Complete Infant Immunization

Research cited from Web MD shows that infants who have been immunized according to the recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics and the CDC have a 50% lower risk of SIDS compared to infants who are not fully immunized.

This is also confirmed by a Journal of Vaccine study, the results of the study indicate that the healthy effect of vaccines may make immunization protective so that immunization should be part of the campaign to prevent sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

So, make sure that your little one does not skip the immunization schedule recommended by the pediatrician, Moms.

Those are some ways to prevent sudden infant death syndrome. With the right precautions, Moms can be calmer when the baby is fast asleep in his bed. 

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